The different techniques of Muay Thai with illustrations and names of movements in the Thai language, to help those who want to learn Thai boxing.
Thai boxing is mainly based on four techniques:
Kicks (mainly circular kicks or face kicks to repel the opponent)
Elbow blows (as formidable as stab wounds, only allowed in some professional competitions)
Fist techniques (Muay-mat) in Muay Thai
Action that consists of hitting with the fist. There are about ten main forms of it.
Straight-punch (jab; cross);
th : หมัดตรง Mat-trong”
th : หมัดเหวี้น่ยงสั้น Mat-wiyeng-san
th : หมัดเหวี่ยงยาว Mat-wiyeng-klap
th : หมัดเหวีี่ยงกลับ Mat-wiyeng-soy
th : หมัดเสย (หมัดสอยดาว) Mat-AT
th : กระโดดชก Kra-tot-chok
th : หมัดฮุก Mat-yeip
Foot techniques (Muay-tei) in Thai boxing
th : เตะตรง Tei-trong
th : เตะตรง Tip-paa-maak
th : เตะตัด Tei-kan-kro
th : เตะตัด Tei-chiyang
th : เตะตัด Tei-tat
th : เตะเฉียง Tei-rid
Half-shin, Half knee-kick;
th : เตะครึ่งแ ข้งครึึ่งเข่า Tei krueng-kheng krueng-kkao
th : เตะกลับหลัง Tei-klap-lang
th : เตะกด Tei-kod
th : เตะเข่า Tei-kro
th: กระโดดเตะ Kra-tote-tei
Penetrating kicks in Muay Thai
th : ถีบตรง Tip-trong
th : ถีบข้าง Tip-kang
th : ถีบกลับหลัง Tip-klap-lang
th : ถีบตบ Tip-kot
th : กระโดดถีบ Kra-tot-tip
Knee techniques (Muay-khao)
Action that consists of hitting with the knee. There are about ten main forms of it. Their intervention is major in the context of hand-to-hand interaction.
th : เข่าตรง Khao-trong
th : เข่าตบ Khao-thop
th : เข่ายาว Khao-youn
th : เข่าลอย Khao-loy
Elbow technique: Muay-sok in Muay Thai
An action that consists of hitting with the elbow. There are about ten main forms: direct, jump, inverted, circular, diving, ascending, etc.
th : ศอกตี Sok-fim and Sok–tei
th : ศอกงัด Sok-ngat
th : ศอกพุ่ง Sok-poung
th : ศอกเหวี่ยงกลับ Sok-klap and Sok-kratoung
th : ศอกกลับ Sok-klap-lang
th : ศอกสับ Sok-sap
th: กระโดดศอก Kra-tot-sok
Hand-to-hand techniques in Thai boxing
Hand-to-hand combat, i. e. very close combat, which consists of being in direct contact with the opponent. One can use hand-to-hand combat, for example to recover physically by “sticking” to the opponent, or either hit the opponent by kicking his knee in the flanks and thighs.
Spray and mowing techniques
Projection: Action that consists in projecting the opponent’s body in order to get out of a hand-to-hand combat (without a hip passage).
Mowing: Action that consists in unbalancing or causing the opponent to fall by a circular low kick.
Blocking and gripping technique
Blocking: action that consists in preventing a blow from reaching its target point (Blocking with the arm or tibia).
Seizing: action that consists in taking a blow with the hand(s), with a quick movement to hold it and thus counterattack it.
Dodging techniques in Muay Thai
Movement of the body to skillfully avoid a blow.
Example: To avoid a low kick (low-kick) or middle-kick, remove the foot and then attack by tilting the hip and leg outwards; then re-step to a middle-kick or low kick (low-kick).
Block with both forearms during a body jab
Cover with both gloves during a face jab
Deviation of a jab with the palm of the glove
Neutralize weapons by going to stick together (to hand to hand)
Coverage with arm and glove during a high-kick
Absorption of a low kick associated with a diving counter-endirect
Parade with both gloves during an enemy high-kick
stop hit during an enemy attack
The terms of Muay Thai (Thai boxing)
Muay bang – parade and dodge techniques
Bang Mat : Parry with the hand (Parry blocked or thrown out of the front or backhand)
Bang Tei: Parry with the leg (Blocked parry of the front or rear leg)
Bang Sok: Elbow parry (Blocked parry of the front or rear elbow)
Bang Khao: Parade with the knee (Parry blocked or driven off the front or rear knee)
Yok Toa Lop: dodge without moving the supports (Dodge without moving the supports, lateral, front, rear, by bending the trunk or by bending the lower limbs)
Lop Tchak: Dodge with a displacement of the supports (Dodge with displacement of one of the supports by a withdrawal step, side step, pivot step or by withdrawal of only one support).
Source: http://fr.wikipedia.org ; Drawings : Alain Delmas