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Muay Thaï: Thai boxing techniques with illustrations

The different techniques of Muay Thai with illustrations and names of movements in the Thai language, to help those who want to learn Thai boxing.

See also: Muay Thai or Thai boxing: all about the art of the eight members

Description

Thai boxing is mainly based on four techniques:

Punches

Kicks (mainly circular kicks or face kicks to repel the opponent)

Elbow blows (as formidable as stab wounds, only allowed in some professional competitions)

Knee blows

Fist techniques (Muay-mat) in Muay Thai

Action that consists of hitting with the fist. There are about ten main forms of it.


boxe thaï

Straight-punch (jab; cross);
th : หมัดตรง Mat-trong”


boxe thaï

Hook;
th : หมัดเหวี้น่ยงสั้น Mat-wiyeng-san


boxe thaï

Balanced;
Swing;
th : หมัดเหวี่ยงยาว Mat-wiyeng-klap


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Spinning back-fist;
th : หมัดเหวีี่ยงกลับ Mat-wiyeng-soy


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Uppercut;
th : หมัดเสย (หมัดสอยดาว) Mat-AT


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Jump-punch;
th : กระโดดชก Kra-tot-chok


boxe thaï

Overhand-punch;
th : หมัดฮุก Mat-yeip


Foot techniques (Muay-tei) in Thai boxing


boxe thaï

Front-kick (flip);
th : เตะตรง Tei-trong


boxe thaï

Front-kick (flip);
th : เตะตรง Tip-paa-maak


boxe thaï

Roundhouse-kick (high-kick);
th : เตะตัด Tei-kan-kro


boxe thaï

Roundhouse-kick (medium-kick);
th : เตะตัด Tei-chiyang


boxe thaï

Roundhouse-kick (low-kick);
th : เตะตัด Tei-tat


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Semi-circular (diagonal);
th : เตะเฉียง Tei-rid


boxe thaï

Half-shin, Half knee-kick;
th : เตะครึ่งแ ข้งครึึ่งเข่า Tei krueng-kheng krueng-kkao


boxe thaï
Spinning hook-kick;
th : เตะกลับหลัง Tei-klap-lang


boxe thaï

Down roundhouse-kick;
th : เตะกด Tei-kod


Muay Thaï

Hammer-kick;
th : เตะเข่า Tei-kro


boxe thaï

Jump-kick;
th: กระโดดเตะ Kra-tote-tei


Penetrating kicks in Muay Thai

boxe thaï

Front-kick (straight);
th : ถีบตรง Tip-trong


Muay Thaï

Side-kick;
th : ถีบข้าง Tip-kang


boxe thaï
Back-kick;
th : ถีบกลับหลัง Tip-klap-lang


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Axe-heel-kick;
th : ถีบตบ Tip-kot


Muay Thaï

Jumping font-kick;
th : กระโดดถีบ Kra-tot-tip


Knee techniques (Muay-khao)

Action that consists of hitting with the knee. There are about ten main forms of it. Their intervention is major in the context of hand-to-hand interaction.


boxe thaï

Straight-knee -strike;
th : เข่าตรง Khao-trong


SemicircularDiagonal-knee -strike;
th : เข่าเฉียง Khao-chiyang


boxe thaï

Knee-slap;
th : เข่าตบ Khao-thop


boxe thaï

Direct (penetrating);
Knee-bomb;
th : เข่ายาว Khao-youn


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Flying-knee -stike;
th : เข่าลอย Khao-loy


Elbow technique: Muay-sok in Muay Thai

An action that consists of hitting with the elbow. There are about ten main forms: direct, jump, inverted, circular, diving, ascending, etc.


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Elbow-slash;
th : ศอกตี Sok-fim and Sok–tei


CircularCircular;
Horizontal-elbow;
th : ศอกตัด Tii-sok


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Elbow up;
Uppercut-elbow;
th : ศอกงัด Sok-ngat


boxe thaï

Forward-elbow -thrust;
th : ศอกพุ่ง Sok-poung


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Reverse-horizontal -elbow;
th : ศอกเหวี่ยงกลับ Sok-klap and Sok-kratoung


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Returned;
Spinning-elbow;
th : ศอกกลับ Sok-klap-lang


 

boxe thaïElbow-chop;
th : ศอกสับ Sok-sap


Muay Thaï : les techniques avec illustrations

Mid-air-elbow -strike;
th: กระโดดศอก Kra-tot-sok


Hand-to-hand techniques in Thai boxing

Hand-to-hand combat, i. e. very close combat, which consists of being in direct contact with the opponent. One can use hand-to-hand combat, for example to recover physically by “sticking” to the opponent, or either hit the opponent by kicking his knee in the flanks and thighs.

Spray and mowing techniques

Projection: Action that consists in projecting the opponent’s body in order to get out of a hand-to-hand combat (without a hip passage).

Mowing: Action that consists in unbalancing or causing the opponent to fall by a circular low kick.

Blocking and gripping technique

Blocking: action that consists in preventing a blow from reaching its target point (Blocking with the arm or tibia).

Seizing: action that consists in taking a blow with the hand(s), with a quick movement to hold it and thus counterattack it.

Dodging techniques in Muay Thai

Movement of the body to skillfully avoid a blow.

Example: To avoid a low kick (low-kick) or middle-kick, remove the foot and then attack by tilting the hip and leg outwards; then re-step to a middle-kick or low kick (low-kick).


boxe thaï

Block with both forearms during a body jab


boxe thaï

Cover with both gloves during a face jab


boxe thaïDeviation of a jab with the palm of the glove


Muay Thaï

Neutralize weapons by going to stick together (to hand to hand)


boxe thaïCoverage with arm and glove during a high-kick


boxe thaïAbsorption of a low kick associated with a diving counter-endirect


Muay ThaïParade with both gloves during an enemy high-kick


boxe thaïstop hit during an enemy attack


The terms of Muay Thai (Thai boxing)

Muay bang – parade and dodge techniques
Bang Mat : Parry with the hand (Parry blocked or thrown out of the front or backhand)
Bang Tei: Parry with the leg (Blocked parry of the front or rear leg)
Bang Sok: Elbow parry (Blocked parry of the front or rear elbow)
Bang Khao: Parade with the knee (Parry blocked or driven off the front or rear knee)
Yok Toa Lop: dodge without moving the supports (Dodge without moving the supports, lateral, front, rear, by bending the trunk or by bending the lower limbs)
Lop Tchak: Dodge with a displacement of the supports (Dodge with displacement of one of the supports by a withdrawal step, side step, pivot step or by withdrawal of only one support).


See also:
Ram Muay, ritual dance before the fights of Muay Thaï

Source: http://fr.wikipedia.org ; Drawings : Alain Delmas

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