Medicinal plants used in Thailand with Thai names and properties

To discover the main medicinal plants used in Thailand, their properties and Thai name.

Thai people are great amateurs of medicinal herb that they already consume abundantly in food and drinks.

It is an economical and effective medicine still commonly used in small villages but also in traditional medicine and the Thai Massages.

Medicinal plants are called: Samunphrai in Thai.

Thai herbal medicine: Andrographis paniculata


Andrographis paniculata – Thai: Fa Thalai Djonne – ฟ้าทะลายโจร

It is a plant widely used in Thailand; you will find it in many gardens and in capsules in pharmacies.

Property of the Andrographis Paniculata

Anti-inflammatory, free radical trap. Many of their pharmacological properties are related to its ability to neutralize highly reactive chemical radicals that damage or destroy cells.

Anti-microbial and anti-viral, useful to fight respiratory infections such as influenza, colds, bronchitis.

Acute anti-diarrhea (colibacillosis), used to reduce symptoms of ulcerative colitis (a chronic disorder of the colon and rectum).

Strengthen immune defenses. The anti-infective power of Andrographis paniculata is undoubtedly more the consequence of an increase in the body’s defenses than of action on the agents of infection.

Anti-diabetes (type 2), studies mainly carried out on animals.

Prevention of cancerous degeneration or slowing down the development of cancer (possibly by an anti-angiogenic effect): including prostate cancer, colon cancer, and bronchopulmonary cancer.

Protection of liver cells: in case of chemical or viral aggression, hepatitis, cirrhosis. – Andrographolide and certain closely related compounds (Dehydroandrographolide) are being studied and tested in China to fight against some difficult-to-treat cancers such as gliomas (brain cancer).

For more information, see our article:
Andrographis paniculata, the anti-flu medicinal plant

You will find them at the best price on Iherb here.

Thai medicinal plants: Turmeric

Turmeric is a spice with many virtues: for digestion, to reduce inflammation, prevent cancer, protect the brain from Alzheimer’s disease, but it is also a beauty treatment for skin and hair!

Turmeric – Thai: Khramine – ขมิ้นTumeric

Turmeric property

pepper increases the effects of curcumin

Turmeric is used for:

Prevent cancer and contribute to its treatment.

Treat stomach ulcers and inflammatory diseases.

Reduce hyperlipidemia and the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Treating gingivitis

Preventing type 2 diabetes

Reduce inflammation in diabetic patients with kidney disease.

Improving cognitive performance in Alzheimer patients

Treat digestive disorders.

Treat stomach ulcers and liver disorders.

Relieve inflammatory diseases (rheumatoid arthritis).

And for external use for:

Treat skin inflammations and injuries.

Stop hair loss and help regrowth.

You can easily find Turmeric in Thai markets, or you can buy on Iherb.

Artemisia Annua (โกฐจุฬาลัมพา) a natural antimalarial treatment


Artemisia Annua – Thai: โกฐจุฬาลัมพา

If you’re used to traveling with a chemical antimalarial treatment, it’s better to replace it with the one that’s very effective and has much fewer side effects.

Artemisia Annua is a plant of Chinese medicine considered as one of the most potent remedies against malaria!

This treatment was discovered by a pharmacist named Youyou Tu during the Vietnam War when Chinese doctors were ordered to find an effective solution to treat the Vietnamese soldiers who were getting sick in the jungle.

Artemisia Annua, also called Chinese Absinthe, is used for:

– Malaria treatment.
– Acts on intestinal disorders (parasitic worms and occasional constipation).
– Reduces sunstroke symptoms and headaches.
– Significantly reduces nose bleeds.

You can buy Artemisia Annua at the best price on Iherb here.

Centella Asiatica or Gotu Kola


Centella Asiatica – Thai: Bow Bok – บัวบก

Centella Asiatica is a brain tonic that stimulates intelligence and memory.

This plant helps to fight stress, depression, and improves reflexes.

Thai people drink it for its tonic properties, and teenagers drink it to fight acne.

You will find them sold by bundle on the markets and offered as a drink mixed with ice and sugar in many establishments.

You can also find Centella at the best price on Iherb.

Ipomoea pes-caprae, against jellyfish bites


Ipomoea pes-caprae – Thai: Phak boung thale – ผักบุ้งทะเล

Nature does things right; to protect us from jellyfish bites, she puts an antidote plant right on the beach!

Ipomea, in Thai: Phak boung thalé (ผักบุ้งทะเล) is a creeping vine that grows on most beaches in tropical regions.


The decoction of leaves is used against inflammation, rheumatism, and cramps.

The young crushed leaves make it easier to extract sea urchin spines.

In many countries, Ipomoea pes-caprae is a remedy against inflammation, colic, gonorrhea, and pain.

Brazilian researchers have shown that methanolic extract from the aerial parts has significant antinociceptive activity (which inhibits pain sensitivity).

And, the crushed leaf helps to calm the pain caused by jellyfish bites.

For more information, see our article:
Ipomoea pes-caprae, the vine against jellyfish bites

Thai medicinal herb: Cissus Quadrangularis


Cissus Quadrangularis – Thai: Pet Sang Kart – เพชรสังฆาต

Cissus Quadrangularis is a plant that is of great interest to researchers for its ability to accelerate the healing of fractured bones.

In Thailand, the plant is known to treat hemorrhoids and to have the same effect as steroids!

Studies have shown that Cissus Quadrangularis accelerates bone healing, has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities.

Other work indicates that it has a gastro-protective effect and may be useful in weight control.

Bodybuilder uses it for its natural steroidal properties, which helps to lose weight and build muscle.

You will find them at the best price on Iherb.

I have taken some to treat my migraines, and it is effective!

And I was able to see the “natural steroid” effect because while I hadn’t played sports for some time, the fact that I had taken it for six days made my muscle volume increase and I lost a little weight (visible easily because I’m thin).

But at the time, I only knew its properties for bones and venous problems, and I wondered where this change came from.

The benefits of papaya and papaya leaves

PapayaPapaya – Thai: malako – มะละกอ

Papaya is not only a delicious fruit, and the essential ingredient of the Som Tam.

The seeds and leaves of papaya are used to treat an impressive number of diseases, including dengue fever which causes so much damage in Thailand.

See: Dengue fever can be treated with papaya leaf juice!

Medicinal properties of papaya

Properties of papain

It is used to treat digestive disorders because it is rich in proteolytic enzymes, necessary for digestion.

Papain has beneficial effects in the wound healing process: Injuries, edema, inflammation.

Latex extracted from the still-green fruit is used for its anti-parasitic properties.

The latex collected by incising still green fruits is used to remove warts and corns.

Seed properties

Papaya seeds contain essential nutrients that help to cure liver cirrhosis.

Researchers at Karachi University have found that Papaya seeds are beneficial for kidney health and to prevent kidney failure.

Seeds have anti-inflammatory properties and can be used to relieve arthritis, joint diseases, pain, and redness.

A small amount of Papaya seed kills harmful bacteria such as E. coli, staphylococci, and Salmonella.

They also help to fight viral infections and serve as a cure for dengue fever, typhoid fever, and many other diseases.

Papaya seeds contain agents that prevent the growth of cancer cells and tumors.

Papaya seeds contain an alkaloid called “Carpain” that kills intestinal worms and amoeba parasites.

Papaya seeds are excellent natural contraceptives for both men and women, with no side effects, unlike chemical contraceptives which have many harmful effects in prolonged use.

Papaya seeds can prevent the body from absorbing too much fat and sugar, which speeds up the digestion process and contributes to weight loss.

You will find papaya herbal medicine in different forms on Iherb.

The health benefits of jackfruit

A fruit used by vegetarians to replace meat!

JaqueJackfruit – Thai: Ka Noun – ขนุน

Jackfruit is oval-shaped, covered with small pimples, it contains a very sticky white or yellow flesh, edible seeds with a taste close to candy, a little sweet.

This exotic fruit is full of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and gives energy.

It is eaten cooked (grilled or boiled), it can also be found in cans and as food supplements.

It is used in some traditional dishes, and it is starch content that allows it to be used as flour.

Warning: I have never had confirmation, but I was told that it is not recommended to eat it if you have consumed alcohol, as with durian.

Vitamin B

Jackfruit alone is a source of B vitamins (present in few fruits) with a high complex of components such as pyridoxine (an active form of vitamin B6), niacin (vitamin B3), riboflavin (vitamin B2) and folic acid (vitamin B9).

Fill up with energy

It is ideal for giving a boost to tired or sick bodies. It provides 95 calories per 100 g with low saturated fat and almost no cholesterol.

It is also a superfruit that keeps viruses and bacteria away and protects our body from infections.

Its consumption allows us to participate in the proper functioning of our body and strengthens our immune system.

It is a significant source of potassium and magnesium, not to mention iron, which helps to fight against the risk of anemia.

Jacques, a fruit that benefits the heart

Its combination of minerals and vitamins: manganese, magnesium, iron, potassium, calcium… play a role in preserving our cells and control heart rate and blood pressure.

Also, calcium promotes good blood clotting and maintains healthy bones.

Ally for the digestive system

Jackfruit is very rich in fiber, which makes it a natural dressing to protect the colon from polluting waste.

On the one hand, it facilitates digestion with its high fiber content.

On the other hand, it prevents the risk of stomach ulcers and plays a role in intestinal problems such as diarrhea.

Jackfruit bark decoction is ideal to stop diarrhea effectively.

A natural cure for some cancers?

Studies have shown that jackfruit would prevent the risk of colon cancer and help protect against other infectious diseases.

The nutrients contained in the jackfruit such as lignans, isoflavones, phytonutrients, and saponins protect against the free radicals involved in the formation of cancer cells.

Jackfruit, to stay young

The anti-oxidants in jackfruit immunize our cells and DNA against the effects of free radicals.

It is then an excellent way to maintain our youth capital.

Mango and mango leaves for diabetes

Thai: ma mouang – มะม่วง
Tree: tone ma mouang
Fruit: louk ma mouang
Mango juice: nam ma mouang

The medicinal properties of the mango tree, its fruit, its bark, and leaves.


The mango eaten ripe or Thai-style, green and acidic, is very rich in vitamin c.

The bark is used to treat diarrhea, burns, and wounds.

But it is in the young mango leaves that we find the most exciting element to treat a wide variety of health problems:

Mango leaves are beneficial to health; they are rich in vitamins, enzymes, antioxidants, and minerals.

They can treat many problems such as fever, diarrhea, insomnia, varicose veins, asthma, bronchitis, and colds.

These leaves can reduce your blood pressure and strengthen your blood vessels.

The infusion of two to three young mango leaves is a Caribbean remedy to reduce fever and fight against urinary tract infections.

Mango leaves are also effective against respiratory problems. For example, sipping mango leaf tea can help relieve the symptoms of acute bronchitis and asthma.

Mango leaves are also used to treat colds, coughs, and even sore throats.

Mango leaf tea can be a great help for people with high levels of stress as well as people who are struggling with anxiety.

You can also calm the mind and relax the body by adding fresh mango leaves to your bath water!

Mango leaves are also useful for people with diabetes; mango has a low glycemic index (41-60) and will not increase your blood sugar level.

Preparation of mango leaves for diabetes

Here is a recommended recipe for people with diabetes:

Pick 10 to 15 tender young mango leaves and boil them in the equivalent of a large glass of water and let them rest all night long.

In the morning, filter the mixture and drink it before eating.

For good results, you should drink this preparation for two to three months.

You can also dry the leaves and crush them.

Then take half a teaspoon of this mango leaf powder twice a day.

Galangal, a rhizome with digestive, aphrodisiac and antiseptic properties

GalangaThai name: Kha – ข่า

Galangal is a rhizome plant of the Zingiberaceae family-like ginger, used mainly for its aphrodisiac, digestive and antiseptic properties.

Scientific name: Alpinia officinarum

It is a rhizome often used in Thai cuisine as for Tom Kha Kai.

Medicinal properties

Galangal is traditionally used in Asia for its aphrodisiac properties.

The rhizome is also appreciated for its antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties (fight against involuntary contractions and inflammation).

It is often used to treat digestive disorders (heavy stomach, slow digestion) and stimulate the appetite.

Galangal is also an excellent antiseptic.

It is used in the composition of Fioravanti’s alcoholate, a remedy that effectively combats skin infections (including scalp infections) and irritation.

Some dentists recommend galanga to relieve dental pain.

Finally, its anti-tumor action is currently the subject of several studies.

Honey to heal wounds

It’s not a medicinal plant but just another natural way to treat yourself.

Royal HoneyA few years ago, I had a motorcycle accident while riding down the road from Pai to Chiang Mai in the rain and I got a pretty deep wound.

I followed the “modern” protocol to clean the wound, alcohol, betadine, and bandage, but the injury did not heal, every day, there was pus, and it was painful.

And at that time, I was reading Christian Jack’s novels about Egypt, where he told us that Egyptians used honey to heal wounds in wars.

So, since the wound had not changed after a week, I tried, I cleaned the wound with alcohol and put honey in the dressing before sticking it on.

And the next day I was amazed; the wound was clean and healing, a real miracle!

I put some honey back in without cleaning because there was new skin and it was clean, and the next day I removed the bandage, the wound was well closed!

There are different quality honey in Thailand, but in all Seven-Eleven you can find very good quality honey related to royal projects (photo); it’s the one I used.

Source:, photo: fruits of Jaque: Mullookkaaran: Mullookkaaran ; Jaques: Logga Wiggler


Settled in Thailand since a few years (with trips to Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia), I love this country and its inhabitants, the real country of Smiles! Sorry for any translation errors that may occur. Feel free to mention them in the comments, I will correct them. Thank you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button
Aliquam sem, leo. Donec amet, libero ultricies

Adblock Detected

We’ve detected that you are using some adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. We do not implement annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. Please add to your ad blocking white list.

That’s one small step for YOU, one giant help for US!